This Historical Replica Set of coins depicts four historical events in the life and death of Julius Caesar. Each coin is a lead free pewter reproduction of an original Roman silver or gold coin.
Denarius of Caesar the General
The first coin is a reproduction of a Roman Republic denarius of Julius Caesar struck in Italy in 49 B.C. Coins were struck to pay Caesar’s legions. Obverse: Shows an elephant walking right trampling a serpent. CAESAR under elephant. Reverse: Shows a simpulum, sprinkler, axe, and apex (emblems of pontification) which Caesar received from the Senate. (Sear 1399)
Aureus of Caesar the Victor Over Gaul
The second coin is a reproduction of a Roman Republican gold aureus coin of Julius Caesar struck in 48 B.C. in Greece to celebrate Caesar’s conquest of Gaul. Reverse: Shows trophy of Gallic arms, axe on right. Inscription CAESAR under arms. Obverse: Shows a diadem head of Clementia (facing right) wreathed with oak; numeral (52) denotes age of Caesar at time of issue. (Sear 1400)
Denarius of Caesar as Politician and Dictator for Life
The third coin is a single sided electrotype of a Roman Republican denarius of Julius Caesar. With his power undisputed, Caesar orders his portrait to be placed on all silver coins. The original coin was struck in Rome between February and March 44 B.C. Obv: Shows wreathed head of Julius Caesar with the inscription CAESAR DIC PERPETVO (Dictator for Life). (Sear 1409)
Denarius of Caesar’s Assassination
The fourth coin is one of the most celebrated coins of ancient Rome. This denarius celebrates the tyrannicide of Julius Caesar on the Ides (15th) of March, 44 B.C. Brutus and his fellow conspirators killed Caesar to remove Rome of a tyrant and ensure the survival of the Republic. Rev. Shows a pilus (liberty cap) between two daggers with the inscription EID MAR (Ides of March.) Obv. Shows the portrait of Brutus with the inscription BRUE IMP PLAET CEST. The coin was minted in western Asia Minor or Macedonia in the summer/autumn of 42 B.C. (Sear 1439)
All coins conform to the Hobby Act and are marked COPY on the obverse or reverse of the coin.
© 2011 Dunston Mint/dlpStudios
The Parthenon located in Nashville, Tennessee is a full-scale recreation of the ancient Parthenon of Greece.
The focal point of Nashville’s Parthenon is a replica of the Athena Parthenos which stood in the ancient Parthenon. The original statue by Pheidias was dedicated between 438 and 437 B.C.
Nashville sculptor Alan LeQuire and the Parthenon staff conducted extensive research on the accuracy of Nashville’s Athena. In The Description of Greece, the ancient geographer Pausanias describes Athena Parthenos: “The statue itself is made of ivory, silver, and gold. On the middle of her helmet is placed a likeness of the Sphinx. . . and on either side of the helmet are griffins in relief. The statue of Athena is upright with a tunic reaching to the feet, and on her breast the head of Medusa is worked in ivory. She holds a statue of Victory about four cubits high, and in the other hand a spear. At her feet lies a shield and near the spear is a serpent. On the pedestal is the birth of Pandora in relief.” Research included representations of Athena on contemporary Greek reliefs, and coins. The Hellenist coins portray Athena on the reverse of its coins.
This historical set includes two of these Greek coins. The top coin obverse displays a replica of a silver tetradrachm of Lysmachos (323 to 283 B.C.). The coin reverse shows helmetedAthena enthroned left holding Nike and resting left with arm on shield, transverse spear resting against her right side. (Sear 6813) The bottom coin shows a tetradrachm of Ptolomy 1 (302 to 283 B.C.). The coin reverse shows
Athena advancing right brandishing a spear and shield. A small eagle on a thunder bolt is on right. (Sear 7747)
In 1990, the 41′ 10” LeQuire’s statue of Athena was completed and installed in the east room of Nashville’s Parthenon. The statue of Nike inAthena’s right hand is 6’ 4” inches. Eleven snakes appear onAthena’s breastplate, bracelets, and belt. Athena is painted and is covered with 8 ½ pounds of gold leaf.
This historical set also includes a resin reproduction of an ancient Greek spear head as shown in Athena Parthenos and on Greek coins.
Made exclusively for the Parthenon, Nashville, Tennessee, by the Dunston Mint and dlpStudios.
Gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill in Coloma, California on January 24, 1848. The Gold Rush of 1848 – 1855 is the major factor in the growth and development of modern California. By 1855 over 300,000 people came to California to search for gold. By 1850 California wa a state. San Francisco grew from 200 people in 1846 to 36,000.
The early gold miners, called “forty-niners” found gold on the ground and by panning for gold in California’s river streams. By 1853, industrious groups of prospectors began diverting water from the rivers into sluices to process large amounts of river bed gravel with gold settling to the bottom of the sluice. (The front cover illustrates the use of the sluice process in recovering gold). In the first five years of the Gold Rush over $ 16 billion (12 million ounces) of gold was extracted using panning and sluices. By 1885, large industrial operations extracted an additional $15 billion in California gold using hydraulic mining.
This California Gold historical set includes six replicas of California gold pieces. Early gold pieces were minted by private companies and the US Assay Office. A wide variety of denominations were produced for trade and commerce.
1. San Francisco Cal. $50 Octagonal Gold pieces were manufactured in 1851 and 1852. This wasthe largest denomination of private minted coins. The obverse shows a spread eagle resting upon shields. The reverse shows ’50’ in center with jeweler markings circling the number.
2. An $18 one oz. rectangular gold ingot made by Meyers and Company. The small rectangle ismarked on the obverse with a hole on one side. The reverse is blank.
3. San Francisco Cal. $20 gold coin of 1854 made by Kellogg and Company. The obverse shows Liberty facing left with the coin circled by stars. The reverse shows an eagle with head turned left holding a banner in its claws.
4. Baldwin & Company, a California assayer in 1850 struck a $10 gold coin. The obverse shows rider on horseback facing right; San Francisco Gold and Ten Dollars around the rim. The reverse shows an American eagle with Baldwin & C0.and San Francisco around the rim.
5. An 1852 Indian head gold $1 piece. The obverse shows an Indian head facing left. The reverse shows a wreath marked California Gold.
6. San Francisco Cal. $20 gold coin of 1849 made by Cincinnati Mining and Trading Company. The obverse shows an Indian with head dress facing left. The reverse shows an eagle facing left..