This Historical Replica Set of coins depicts four historical events in the life and death of Julius Caesar. Each coin is a lead free pewter reproduction of an original Roman silver or gold coin.
Denarius of Caesar the General
The first coin is a reproduction of a Roman Republic denarius of Julius Caesar struck in Italy in 49 B.C. Coins were struck to pay Caesar’s legions. Obverse: Shows an elephant walking right trampling a serpent. CAESAR under elephant. Reverse: Shows a simpulum, sprinkler, axe, and apex (emblems of pontification) which Caesar received from the Senate. (Sear 1399)
Aureus of Caesar the Victor Over Gaul
The second coin is a reproduction of a Roman Republican gold aureus coin of Julius Caesar struck in 48 B.C. in Greece to celebrate Caesar’s conquest of Gaul. Reverse: Shows trophy of Gallic arms, axe on right. Inscription CAESAR under arms. Obverse: Shows a diadem head of Clementia (facing right) wreathed with oak; numeral (52) denotes age of Caesar at time of issue. (Sear 1400)
Denarius of Caesar as Politician and Dictator for Life
The third coin is a single sided electrotype of a Roman Republican denarius of Julius Caesar. With his power undisputed, Caesar orders his portrait to be placed on all silver coins. The original coin was struck in Rome between February and March 44 B.C. Obv: Shows wreathed head of Julius Caesar with the inscription CAESAR DIC PERPETVO (Dictator for Life). (Sear 1409)
Denarius of Caesar’s Assassination
The fourth coin is one of the most celebrated coins of ancient Rome. This denarius celebrates the tyrannicide of Julius Caesar on the Ides (15th) of March, 44 B.C. Brutus and his fellow conspirators killed Caesar to remove Rome of a tyrant and ensure the survival of the Republic. Rev. Shows a pilus (liberty cap) between two daggers with the inscription EID MAR (Ides of March.) Obv. Shows the portrait of Brutus with the inscription BRUE IMP PLAET CEST. The coin was minted in western Asia Minor or Macedonia in the summer/autumn of 42 B.C. (Sear 1439)
All coins conform to the Hobby Act and are marked COPY on the obverse or reverse of the coin.
© 2011 Dunston Mint/dlpStudios
The Parthenon located in Nashville, Tennessee is a full-scale recreation of the ancient Parthenon of Greece.
The focal point of Nashville’s Parthenon is a replica of the Athena Parthenos which stood in the ancient Parthenon. The original statue by Pheidias was dedicated between 438 and 437 B.C.
Nashville sculptor Alan LeQuire and the Parthenon staff conducted extensive research on the accuracy of Nashville’s Athena. In The Description of Greece, the ancient geographer Pausanias describes Athena Parthenos: “The statue itself is made of ivory, silver, and gold. On the middle of her helmet is placed a likeness of the Sphinx. . . and on either side of the helmet are griffins in relief. The statue of Athena is upright with a tunic reaching to the feet, and on her breast the head of Medusa is worked in ivory. She holds a statue of Victory about four cubits high, and in the other hand a spear. At her feet lies a shield and near the spear is a serpent. On the pedestal is the birth of Pandora in relief.” Research included representations of Athena on contemporary Greek reliefs, and coins. The Hellenist coins portray Athena on the reverse of its coins.
This historical set includes two of these Greek coins. The top coin obverse displays a replica of a silver tetradrachm of Lysmachos (323 to 283 B.C.). The coin reverse shows helmetedAthena enthroned left holding Nike and resting left with arm on shield, transverse spear resting against her right side. (Sear 6813) The bottom coin shows a tetradrachm of Ptolomy 1 (302 to 283 B.C.). The coin reverse shows
Athena advancing right brandishing a spear and shield. A small eagle on a thunder bolt is on right. (Sear 7747)
In 1990, the 41′ 10” LeQuire’s statue of Athena was completed and installed in the east room of Nashville’s Parthenon. The statue of Nike inAthena’s right hand is 6’ 4” inches. Eleven snakes appear onAthena’s breastplate, bracelets, and belt. Athena is painted and is covered with 8 ½ pounds of gold leaf.
This historical set also includes a resin reproduction of an ancient Greek spear head as shown in Athena Parthenos and on Greek coins.
Made exclusively for the Parthenon, Nashville, Tennessee, by the Dunston Mint and dlpStudios.